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MDMA and the Therapeutic Healing Effects on Childhood Trauma


MDMA and the therapeutic healing effects on childhood trauma

Childhood trauma, ranging from physical abuse to emotional neglect, can have long-standing and severe implications on an individual's mental health and well-being. Traditional therapeutic approaches, while effective for many, can sometimes fall short in fully addressing the profound emotional scars that such trauma leaves behind. This gap has led researchers and therapists to explore alternative treatments, and one such promising method involves the use of MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) as an adjunct to psychotherapy. In this article, we delve into the potential therapeutic effects of MDMA on childhood trauma.

What is MDMA?


MDMA, commonly known as "Ecstasy" or "Molly" in its recreational form, is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception. When ingested, MDMA increases the release and slows down the reuptake of neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine in the brain. This causes feelings of increased energy, pleasure, emotional warmth, and distorted sensory and time perception.

The Science Behind MDMA-Assisted Therapy:

Safe Environment Creation:

One of the primary barriers in treating trauma is the patient's difficulty in accessing and verbalizing traumatic memories. MDMA can help reduce the fear response associated with traumatic memories, allowing patients to discuss their experiences more openly, without being overwhelmed.


With the proper set and setting, MDMA is a valuable tool to view and understand past experiences that have caused harm or a trauma response in an individual. This allows the person to see how they can heal from the experience and to set the stage to move forward with those parts of themselves feeling heard, recognized and loved.

Enhanced Emotional Insight:

MDMA has been observed to increase oxytocin levels, a hormone associated with social bonding and trust. This can facilitate a deeper therapeutic alliance between the therapist or facilitator and the patient, leading to richer emotional insights. When the patient feels able to be authentic and share his or her reality openly, it releases the bonds that have been carried that could have caused feelings of avoidance, shame, fear, anger, sadness and more.

Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories:

Neuroscientific studies suggest that MDMA can aid in the reconsolidation of memories. When traumatic memories are recalled during MDMA-assisted therapy, they can be "rewritten" with less emotional charge and integrated more healthily into one's life narrative. As I always refer to Michael Pollan's words in "How to Change Your Mind," a person can lay down "new tracks" that allow for healing, new behaviors and habits.

Clinical Trials and Findings:

Several Phase 2 clinical trials conducted by organizations like the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) have shown promising results. These studies demonstrate that when combined with talk therapy, MDMA can be significantly more effective than therapy alone in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a common aftermath of childhood trauma. Patients reported reduced PTSD symptoms, increased emotional regulation, and improved overall well-being.

Safety and Concerns:

While the therapeutic potential of MDMA is promising, it's essential to distinguish between clinical, controlled use and recreational use. In clinical settings, pure MDMA is administered under the guidance of trained therapists. On the other hand, street variants like "Ecstasy" might contain harmful adulterants and can be dangerous.

Furthermore, MDMA-assisted therapy might not be suitable for everyone. Potential side effects include dehydration, hyperthermia, bruxism (teeth grinding), and, in rare cases, serotonin syndrome.

The Future of MDMA-Assisted Therapy:

With the FDA granting "breakthrough therapy" status to MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for PTSD, Phase 3 clinical trials are underway. If these trials are successful, we could witness the legitimization and widespread adoption of this innovative therapeutic approach.

The therapeutic potential of MDMA for treating various psychiatric disorders, particularly PTSD, has been under investigation for several years now. Here's a more detailed overview of some notable studies and their findings:

MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for PTSD

1. Mithoefer et al. (2011)

  • Study Details: This randomized, double-blind Phase 2 pilot study investigated the efficacy of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy in treating individuals with chronic PTSD.

  • Findings: At the end of the study, 83% of participants in the MDMA group no longer met the criteria for PTSD. This was compared to just 25% in the placebo group. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of the treatment persisted during the 3.5-year follow-up, with no reported harm to any participants.

2. Ot'alora et al. (2018)

  • Study Details: This double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2 study was conducted on a group of 28 participants with PTSD. They were given either MDMA or a placebo in conjunction with psychotherapy sessions.

  • Findings: At the one-year follow-up, 76% of participants in the MDMA group did not qualify for a PTSD diagnosis, showcasing the long-term efficacy of the treatment.

Safety and Tolerability of MDMA

3. Mithoefer et al. (2018)

  • Study Details: This study sought to determine the safety and efficacy of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy across multiple sites and diverse populations.

  • Findings: The results reinforced earlier studies, with 68% of participants in the MDMA group no longer meeting PTSD criteria after two months. Adverse effects were generally mild to moderate, with fatigue, anxiety, headache, and nausea being the most commonly reported.

MDMA's Effects on Social Behavior and Emotional Processing

4. Kirkpatrick et al. (2014)

  • Study Details: The study aimed to analyze the prosocial effects of MDMA, hypothesizing that these effects could contribute to its therapeutic potential.

  • Findings: Participants who were administered MDMA displayed increased social feelings, prosocial behavior, and identification of positive emotions in others. This suggests that MDMA's ability to foster social bonding and emotional understanding may play a role in its therapeutic efficacy.

The Mechanism of MDMA's Therapeutic Effect

5. Carhart-Harris et al. (2015)

  • Study Details: This research focused on understanding how MDMA affects the brain using neuroimaging techniques.

  • Findings: MDMA reduced communication between the amygdala (involved in fear response) and the hippocampus (related to memory). This can help explain why individuals under the influence of MDMA can recall traumatic memories without being overwhelmed by negative emotions.

Conclusion:

The fusion of MDMA and psychotherapy presents a potential paradigm shift in treating childhood trauma and its lifelong repercussions. While more research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms and long-term effects, early results indicate that for many, MDMA-assisted therapy might be the light at the end of a very dark tunnel.

While these studies offer promising insights into the potential of MDMA-assisted therapy, it's crucial to recognize that this field is still emerging. Many of these studies have small sample sizes, and larger, more extensive Phase 3 trials are needed to confirm these results and understand the full range of effects and potential risks associated with this treatment.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new treatment.

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